Are you talking about this case of a sex offender getting his case reconsidered because the examiner hated Arial?
camelegg.com stopped working when NewEgg chose not to share pricing information with them. I'm not sure how NewEgg prevents them getting pricing from simple web page scraping.
I signed up for a Shoprunner free trial and when I requested to cancel it near the end of the trial period, they instead offered to extend it, and after using it a few times, extended the free trial for a year. Recently, American Express made an arrangement to make Shoprunner free for Amex card holders, and Shoprunner just signed up TigerDirect as well. I wasn't inclined to pay for Shoprunner myself, but I'm happy to have the costs rolled into my Amex benefits.
This and many similar issues would be understood to have obvious solutions if the term "Health Insurance" were replaced with a "Health Care Subscription." Because of the structure of the health care "marketplace," health care access is very difficult without using an insurance company to negotiate payments. Health care providers appear to be unable or unwilling to provide access to health care on a pay-as-you-go basis - hospitals and doctors can't or won't quote prices for procedures. This has led to hospitals, doctors and insurance providers growing to enormous size in order to negotiate payments between them - locking out individual health care providers and individual patients from effective access. In the current corporate structure, individuals need to subscribe to health care from what we now call an insurance carrier in order to obtain care. If we understood these carriers to be providing a "Health Care Subscription" we would understand that it is essential for the carriers to offer access to all, so that everyone can obtain health care. Denial of insurance coverage is tantamount to denying health care - that's an unacceptable result.
I have observed many black actors appear on film and video with bloodshot eyes - that is, their eyes appear to have prominent blood vessels. Perhaps it's because blood vessels in the eyes are simply more noticable in black actors, but I'd suspect that it's a side effect of the lighting and filtering changes photographers are making. If photographers are bumping up color channels to make black faces appear less grey, a special emphasis on turning this off in the eyes might make this effect disappear. I could imagine adding a feature to photo and video processing, similar in principle to red-eye removal, that reduces redness within eyes to make the blood vessels less prominent.
The point of the linked article is the question of how rapidly a gas shock wave gets dissipated. The heavy protection of a rigid enclosed thoraco-abdominal protector is against debris, of which there is supposed to not be any. The threshold expressed in the article is lung damage from the overpressure - while I didn't see a description of the mechanism, I'm presuming that it involves the pressure entering the nose & mouth, for which the protective gear would have limited effect.
"Steam" presumes that the vaporization is accomplished by heating to temperatures above 100C, which is not required to create water vapor. Think of freeze-dried coffee.
Don't just assume, work it out from some real data. According to the US Army, you can survive an explosion just a few feet away with no lung damage if you don't get hit with any debris:
In another posting, I worked out that if you turn a body into gas at room temperature, you get about 100m^3 of gas. Alternatively, consider that the 12kg of non-water "dried pork" has as much energy as 48kg of TNT. (Since the energy density of "dried pork" at (4 kcal/g) 4 times that of TNT (at 1 kcal/g)
Its enough energy to vaporize the remaining 66kg of water without raising the temperature too much.
But the real issue is how fast does a phaser do it's work? If it takes a few seconds to "Vaporize," there won't be a shock wave at all. On Star Trek, we see the victim glow for a few seconds, then disappear. Unless you're in a tiny room, you might only get a gentle breeze as the gases flow by. That's important, because otherwise those hand phasers would set everything around the target on fire. As I calculate it thermodynamically, turning a body to gas requires very little net energy - in fact, about 120MJ gets released. The trick is somehow the phaser has to make the reactions happen quickly, but not too quickly.
What I appreciate most about the Star Trek hand phaser is how it maps out the region to apply it's mechanism to just impact the target and nothing around it. There'd have to be some excellent imaging software so that the phaser ray is applied in just the right pattern, and to recognize when to stop so it doesn't burn the wall behind the victim. To do so, it must recognize when the phaser ray has disintegrated the back edge of the victim.
I obsessively calculated the energy from expansion of the gases, working it out for 78kg of water. I'm not going to bother working out the "dried pork" factors....
The expansion of the gas: assume 78kg of water is changed to gas at STP. Water vapor is 18g/mol (O=16,H=1*2), and each mol is 22.4l, so 78kg of water vapor takes up 78kg/(18g/mol)=4.3kmol, 4.3kmol*(22.4l/mol)=97kl=97m^3. The original volume is 78 liters, so the volume ratio is 1244. W=p*v*ln(ratio)=(0.1MPa*97m^3)*ln(1244)=69MJ.
So in addition to the 50MJ net energy calculated earlier, you can add 69MJ from expansion of the gas, a total net of 120MJ. This is about -4% of the 2.99GJ figure (i.e. one twenty-fifth and opposite sign).
The Transporter can't just disintegrate everything willy-nilly. All those particles need to have the position and momentum measured precisely in violation of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, then recreated on the remote end after communicating all the information at faster-than-light-speed in violation of the Speed-of-Light limit. That ain't gonna be cheap. But it's made easier by physics telling us that all those elementary particles are interchangable, so you can use just any collection of quarks on the other end to recreate you on the other end. I'm forever impressed that the Star Trek transporter somehow only needs specialized equipment on one end of the transport.
The expansion of the mixed gases isothermally releases even more energy, making the net energy balance even "better."
AC: ++! The next sci-fi show should have a recycler instead of a vaporizer - otherwise you'd be wasting your enemies.
[NB: there's a typo in my previous calculation: the 85% water is 172MJ*0.85=146MJ - it doesn't affect the other results]
I'm going to do some rough calculations - the paper's computation is also pretty rough - just to get the right order of magnitude.
First of all, to vaporize water, you don't even need to boil it. Spill some water on the floor and it vaporizes pretty darn quick just from the ambient environment - it changes from liquid water at room temperature to water vapor at room temperature. The only heat that needs to be added is the "Enthalpy of vaporization" which is 2260 kJ/Kg. For the 78kg human described in the paper, if it were all water, that would only be 176 Megajoules. Given that a human is normally at about 37C and room temperature about 25C, you can also take away 4kJ/Kg*78Kg*(37-25) = 4 Megajoules that the water vapor releases as you cool it from 37C to 25C. The net result is that with 172 Megajoules, you can turn a human body's mass of water to vapor.
However, as the paper suggests, the body isn't all water - it's about 85% water and 15% "dried pork." That means 172MJ*0.7 for the water, 146MJ, and the 11.7Kg of pork releases about 4KCal/g when oxidized (4 dietary Calories/g), 1 Kcal=4.2KJ, so burning the "dried pork" releases 196MJ. Assuming the "dried pork" gets fully oxidized (i.e burned) into CO2, the result is a gas. So overall, vaporizing a human body (in the sense of turning all the body into a gas) can release more energy than you started with - about 50MJ.
The paper estimates the energy required to break every molecular bond. However, all those bonds are going to reassemble into something else, whether into H2, O2, or H2O, or including the "dried pork," CO2, releasing much of the energy back.
Two NMOS transistors and a resistor can perform an XOR in Si. I remember interviewing at Intel in 1980, and every damn interview question was about XOR gates. First was an XOR gate in TTL, then an XOR gate in CMOS, and finally an XOR gate in NMOS. Apparently I passed all three questions, 'cause they offered me a job.
No, if your taxes increase by less than 2% per year, future increases an make it up later. 2% per year over the purchase (or revaluation from development) is the limit, not 2% per year over any previous assessment.
It's not correct that a decline in property values becomes a lower base for the 2% annual tax increase. Any decline in taxation due to lower valuation can be reversed immediately when valuation returns.
How's about until they upgrade their computer system, they just stop charging for out-of-pocket expenses altogether. Problem solved - entirely compliant.
More seriously, they could have (1) enforced the out-of-pocket limit per policy (so no policy individually charges more than the limit), and (2) let anyone whose totals are over the limit apply for a refund by submitting the bills from any other policies manually.
So instead, apparently while the limit for major medical expenses will be in place, there's (1) no limits on out-of-pocket expenses for prescription drug plans, and (2) no mechanism for refunding costs over the limits.