Municipal fiber is the way to go. It would change the world and give the US economy a badly needed shot in the arm.
ISP costs have risen four times faster than inflation. We're on the road to having just two national providers. When that happens, costs will go up even faster.
1) Designate ISPs as common carriers.
2) Break up any ISP that provides content.
3) Take a bow for having brought about the digital revolution part 2.
Unfortunately, our elected jackoffs are too beholden to corporate money to do anything like this. Obama, who was supposed to be the first president who "got" the Internet, turned out to be the worst of the bunch, appointing telecom lobbyist Tom Wheeler has head of the FCC, and they're not poised to put the last nail in the Net Neutrality coffin. Obama is a failed president on that count alone.
I would add that muni symmetrical FTTH is the ONLY viable solution for the future of any community. Don't settle for less, it can only hurt your communities economnic viability and small business job creation moving forward.
I think you're right about items 1 2 and 3, but not necessarily municipal fiber. There are some good examples out there, but only because the alternatives are so incompetent/complacent/debt-ridden. If we had a more healthy telecom environment in the USA, nobody would give a damn about Municipal fiber, or Google fiber for that matter. Including Google.
If one of your muni examples is incompetent/complacent/debt-ridden, there is an extremely good chance that the local oligarchy passed legislation to make it so. You need to do more homework as I have plenty of examples of this type of oligarchy legal pestilence.
Sadly the only way to get a "more healthy telecom environment in the USA" will be through de-regulation as in Japan, that gave Japanese consumers 100Mb/100Mb (unthrottled upstream) for $56 per month in the year 2000. The Japanese de-regulated NTT to accomplish this. A few years later, thanks to the investment in Fiber To The Home (FTTH), those same Japanese consumers could get more for less, 1Gb/1GB for $52 per month, again unthrottled upstream.
Did you know that it costs pennies for an ISP to provie 1 GB of bandwidth? To charge us more, they attempt to make it appear scarce.
Here in the USA, the oligarchy successfully changed the 1996 Telecomunications Act to the point it had no teeth, could not be enforced and is useless. The same thing is happening today at the FCC by hiring a Telecom Lobbyist to run the organization, thus net neutrality is in jeapoardy yet again. First they attack the government agencies that are responsible for enforcement, next they attack that agencies budget to prevent enforcement. This is true in every area, not just FTTH and muni Fiber.
Companies only do the right thing that costs more expensive when they are forced too. Markets are coopted to prevent market economics from having a balanced impact.
In some states, the oligarchy successfully legislated laws to prevent competition. In most states this happens after a city municpality first asks the local telco/cable ISPs to provide FTTH, of course the Oligarchy says NO. When the city goes it alone, (ie. in 100% of the cases, Chattanooga, TN) the olicarchy unsuccessively sues to prevent the roleout of FTTH. Of course if the city does not give in and stop, what the oligarchy is hoping for, the FTTH rollout goes through and those American Citizens are finally FREE. They have choices, economic activity, prosperity, unfettered bandwidth, etc... Of course after this the oligarchy pushes through law suits to prevent other cities from obtaining FTTH. In 100% of Republican and Tea Party controlled states, these laws pass successfully. Thus competition is thwarted along with the FTTH. I am not a Democrat, just stating the facts. Such was the case in Wilson, North Carolina after Greenlight built out FTTH.
In fact there are 7 states without right defacto bans on muni Fiber / FTTH and up to 19 US states with barriers, laws making it harder for communities to roll-out FTTH and muni Fiber. Most of these states passed laws after successful FTTH rollouts to one or two communities to prevent others from getting Fiber. Expect more legislation to be passed as citizens are lied to in order to get them to vote against their own best interests. They often prevent muni-fiber by preventing the best methods for the city to pay for the Fiber, its all pathetic, predictable and replicatable.
While Alec is not responsible for all this legislation, it made me wonder if Alec has ever pushed legislation that benefited the citzens of a state, I know they push legislation that benefits companies that predominately donate to Republican and Tea Party politicians and candidates? Just a thought.
Because of the oligarchy pressure against FTTH, there are ONLY only 40 communities in the USA with Symmetrical FTTH. There is no technological reason for this, only a profit motivated reason based on the false scarcity myth.
Moral of the story, if you are not vested in a community, either a paid-off home or an extremely well paying job where you and your work are very well respected, than your best bet would be to move to one of these 40 communities.
Google may be the best Backbone provider going forward as they have been spending on Fiber and undersea cables for more than a decade! During that same period, the oligarchy, has been more interested in perpetuating the scarcity myth and charging you more...doing nothing innovated from an architecture standpoint in spite of knowing this day is coming. Don't feel sorry for them or reward their inaction in broadband. Thus a Google community might be able to avoid most of the oligarchy's interference with bandwidth.
Fiber To The Home creates an environment where throttling, limiting and restricting of your internet bandwidth is not necessary. There3 is no benefit to impact net neutrality either. Perhaps for true freedom, FTTH is the ONLY viable option!
One of the Google Communites, there are two now and will be 3 or 4 more in the future, might be your best bet for the purchase of a new home. Why a Google community, because they do not mind selling you the full pipe to your home for a monthly fee, period. In such an exchange, there is no incentive for Google to throttle or limit your upstream bandwidth to create a fake scarcity myth environment as there is with any provider that does not provide the same bandwidth upstream as downstream. It just does not happen in a true FTTH community. All Fiber is not FTTH. Do they offer the same bandwidth upstream as downstream? Why not?
Install a DD-WRT enabled router/firewall in your home to see how much your bandwidth is throttled, limited, restricted. You will see the throttling begin immediately when the SpeedTest finishes, thus 100% of SpeedTests lie to you...do not depend on them, they only tell you the bandwidth you could have if you were not limited artificially.
Any company that rolls Fiber but not specifically FTTH, (ie. Verizon) is trying to perpetuate the same fake scarcity myth that has held American economic activity back since 1990. There really is no excuse to not do it right!
Added plus, Symmetrical FTTH costs $1.5K to $3K to put a run to your home, which you own and is sold when you sell your house down the road. The value of FTTH to the price of your home is $5K. So if you are buying a home, if there is no FTTH, subtract $5K immediately. Enough people start doing this, the real estate pros might have a few choice words for the oligarchy as well.
History in the USA has proven that the industry (telco, cable, wireless) will not regulate themselves and provide a 'healthier telcom environment', anyone who suggest such is naive, uninformed or a paid shill for the industry. Unless forced to do so, telcom, cable and wireless will NOT offer net neutrality, decent bandwidth, Fiber, etc.... Just the way it is.
When FTTH comes to a city, the oligarchy suddenly offers plans with more bandwidth, at lower prices to customers in that area ONLY, what a surprise, NOT. So obviously they have the extra capacity to do so, but only when forced to do so.
Politics plays a role, hold your representatives accountable.
If a community is Republican or Tea Party controlled, doubt you will see FTTH any time soon. The oligarchy is simply too entrenched, anyone who doubts this truth, only needs to look at the voting records in Washington D.C. how they all vote the same way, regardless of what their constituents really want. The various corporate industries, thanks to Citizens United vs FEC and the Republican leaning Supreme Court, are extremely successful at making Republican and Tea Party politicans too fearful of being primaried for them to buck against the majority and honestly represent their constituents. The foolish constituents naively deny themselves economic viability and small business creation in the process. Its sad. Does not help that they lie to you and confuse you about FTTH issues either.
Anyone who doubts the truth of the relationship between politics and the lack of FTTH, only needs to look at the history of these roll-outs, as I have first hand, and the amount of outside money flowing into local city / county / state elections. They are most certainly related. In North Carolina, in spite of talking big against the oligarchy, went on and passed the anti muni, anti-FTTH legislation anyway. Not a surprise from the Republican controlled government of N.C.
Push your local leaders for FTTH, and watch how strongly they push back against it until you get enough people with you. Guess which party will push back the hardest.... Better yet, don't take my word for it, do it and see for yourself.
Want job creation, want small business, want innovation, FTTH is an excellent way to get it!