Nobody has ever been jailed for failing to fill out the long-form census
Not because they can't, but because they choose not to, for now. That doesn't stop them from threatening you.
basically nobody ever runs afoul of the laws. The census people just come and talk to you and help you fill out the form.
I certainly have run afoul of this law. I returned the American Community Survey with a head count. They eventually gave up trying to get anything else out of me, after about 6 months of harassment.
So is racketeering by the finance industry. Cry me a river. Punish real crimes first, then we'll talk.
There's never been a freedom problem with the census.
Unless you value your privacy. You don't, but I do.
An accurate census is fundamental to any government that's interested in actually governing.
When we get a government that is actually interested in governing, let me know. When that happens, I'll gladly tell them almost anything they ask politely for. Today, I have no reason to believe my answers will be used to help me rather than oppress me. That's why we have rights in the first place, because you cannot count on the government having your best interests in mind.