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Comment: Re:Non-paywalled version (Score 1) 86

by amaurea (#48735313) Attached to: Experiments Create Particles Out of a Vacuum Using Neutrinos

So, basically, you clicked on the links to check if they were paywalled, in readiness to post an article about your personal bug-bear: paywalled articles.

Mostly, but with two differences. My personal bug-bear is not just paywalled articles. It is linking to paywalled articles when the same article is available in a non-paywalled form also. If you look closely, the article I linked to was not about paywalled articles. It was a link to the non-paywalled version of the first article mentioned in the summary. So I had two motivations: 1: To complain about unnecessary paywalling, and 2: To help people actually get at the paywalled article.

Comment: Re:Non-paywalled version (Score 1) 86

by amaurea (#48731221) Attached to: Experiments Create Particles Out of a Vacuum Using Neutrinos

You linked to two articles. The first one is "Reanalysis of bubble chamber measurements of muon-neutrino induced single pion production", which was paywalled. The second one is "Researchers show neutrinos can deliver not only full-on hits but also ‘glancing blows’", which isn't paywalled, and which further links to the arXiv article "Measurement of Coherent Production of $^\pm$ in Neutrino and Anti-Neutrino Beams on Carbon from $E_$ of $1.5$ to $20$ GeV". I was in a bit of a hurry and didn't read all the articles when I posted, but unless I'm very confused here there was one, prominent paywalled-only link in the summary.

Comment: Re:Interesting if done right (Score 3, Interesting) 67

by amaurea (#48571045) Attached to: BitTorrent Launches Project Maelstrom, the First Torrent-Based Browser

Not all websites are for profit. In fact, the majority probably isn't. This approach would only be a moderate help for for-profit websites, but it would help for popular noncommercial websites like wikipedia, discussion forums, open source software pages, etc. It could also be used to make a noncommercial youtube alternative. Just because something takes an effort to produce doesn't mean that somebody is looking to get paid for it. Some people are just looking for an audience, or others to collaborate with, or are just trying to make the world a better place.

Just a few stories back here on Slashdot we heard examples of people who had their webpages grow so popular that they were forced to put ads on them, even though they didn't wish to. That's the sort of case that would benefit the most from a distributed system.

Comment: Interesting if done right (Score 5, Interesting) 67

by amaurea (#48567963) Attached to: BitTorrent Launches Project Maelstrom, the First Torrent-Based Browser

One of the reasons why the world-wide web is buried in a sea of advertising is that the costs associated with hosting a web-site increase as the site becomes more popular. So you might be ruined by your site becoming too popular. Advertising fixes that problem by giving income proportional to the popularity. But it comes with the undesirable side-effect of the ads themselves.

A peer-to-peer alternative to HTTP is a very different way of solving the same problem. If people who visit a page help upload it to other visitors, then the available resources will scale with the number of visitors without the server's bandwidth needing to increase. Bittorrent does this very successfully for large files and demonstrates that this mechanism can work. But bittorrent's latency is too high to serve as a replacement for HTTP. If this new protocol fixes that, and manages to get supported in many browsers, then things could get interesting. If they are to have any hope in the protocol gaining acceptance, it mustn't only be low latency, it should also be open and well-documented. So let's hope they don't pull another "Bittorrent Sync" here, and keep the protocol closed.

Comment: Re:Bad summary (Score 2) 100

by amaurea (#48567883) Attached to: A Paper By Maggie Simpson and Edna Krabappel Was Accepted By Two Journals

I also get loads of these. I can't imagine anybody being stupid enough to fall for it, but like other spam, I expect it continues because they do get enough replies to be profitable. I'd like to believe that it's funded entirely by people submitting sting articles, but that's probably too optimistic :)

I think the second greatest harm these fake journals do (after the harm they do to science's reputation due to how the media report on this) is to make it much harder to establish new journals. I think arXiv overlay journals that just provide peer review but let arXiv handle distribution and archiving is a good idea, but I fear such a journal would be promptly ignored nowadays because people are being conditioned to think that unknown journals are fake journals.

Comment: The actual scientific article (Score 5, Informative) 107

by amaurea (#48553635) Attached to: 2 Futures Can Explain Time's Mysterious Past

The actual scientific article was published on arXiv in september. Gravity does not appear to be central to the problem, it is just used as an example here. They basically look at a toy problem where a large set of particles with simple interactions give rise to solutions where they can identify variables that increase monotonically away from a minimum, and hence can be used as a time variable. It is basically an entropic argument worked out in detail for a simple system.

Carrol et al have published related ideas, and here is a popular science talk by Carrol (the main argument starts around 19 minutes into it).

Comment: Re:But guys... (Score 1) 257

by amaurea (#48551341) Attached to: Bad Lockup Bug Plagues Linux

My experience has been mostly positive. When I reported a crash in gfortran it was fixed in the next version. The same happened when I reported a code generation error for the closed source competitor Ifort. When I reported a memory leak in the WCS library in Astropy, the bug was fixed within a few hours. When I requested support for a new site in youtube-dl that was added the same evening. But I've had less luck with projects like Firefox, though I don't remember exactly what the issue was there.

Comment: Re:Doesn't matter even if the publishers win... (Score 1) 699

by amaurea (#48550975) Attached to: French Publishers Prepare Lawsuit Against Adblock Plus

The thing that worries me the most about advertising is its psychological effects. The goal of advertising is to change your behavior so that you buy more products. And it is really quite effective, or 140 billion dollars wouldn't be spent on the digital part of it each year (for comparison, the entire Apollo program cost about 100 billion dollars in today's dollars).

But the main way they affect your behavior is not by giving you the information you need to make an informed decision. It is by using standard propaganda tecniques to as much as possible bypass your rational decision making process. They associate positive feelings with the product, and indicate that you will be popular and cool if you buy it, and lame if you don't. It is not uncommon to see advertising which is so uninformative that it is almost impossible to guess what product is being advertised until the logo appears, but because informing about the product is quite secondary, these ads are still very effective.

Most people think they aren't influenced by advertising (perhaps other people, but not oneself) because we tend to think that our decisions are rational, or at least that we are aware of what processes drive them. But psychological studies have shown that we basically have two decision-making modes: The fast and easy mode and the slow and tiring mode. The latter is quite rational but requires concentration and tires people out. So we usually use the other mode, which is very suceptible to manipulation.

I'm affected by advertising even when I think I'm ignoring it, and so are you. That's why using ad-blocking is a bit like wearing a condom - it protects you from both "mind viruses" and computer viruses (advertising networks are a major vector for malware) that the page you're interacting with might be spreading.

Comment: Re:Doesn't matter even if the publishers win... (Score 1) 699

by amaurea (#48550707) Attached to: French Publishers Prepare Lawsuit Against Adblock Plus

I agree.

And while it is true that one can opt out from the so-called "acceptable ads" (an oxymoron in my opinion, like "acceptable propaganda", "acceptable brainwashing"), I do not trust somebody who would take money from advertisers to maintain an advertisement-blocking extension. That's why I switched to Adblock Edge, a fork of Adblock Plus that hasn't sold out. Currently the only difference is that the "acceptable ads" "feature" is taken out, but I expect them to gradually diverge as Adblock Plus prostitutes itself further for the advertising industry.

Comment: Re:How can it prove it when (Score 1) 129

by amaurea (#48535697) Attached to: How Astronomers Will Take the "Image of the Century": a Black Hole

If I understand correctly, higher gravity makes time pass more slowly

Correct. Or to be more general, time passes more slowly deep down in a gravitational well

so a clock in lower gravity will register more time from its perspective than the clock in higher gravity.

Yes. Every time a clock on earth ticks 1 time a (stationary) clock near a black hole will tick 1-R/r times. For example, a clock at a distance r=10/9*R will only tick 0.1 times every time a clock on earch ticks 1 time. The same applies to all other physical processes, not just clocks. So a person on Earch could wave their arms 10 times every time a person that close to the blck hole could wave them once. Or a person on earch could think 10 thoughts in the time a person close tot he black hole could think 1.

Therefore, from the reference frame of an object falling into a black hole it would seem that it takes forever.

No. If time goes slowly for somebody they don't percieve themselves to be going slowly, they see everything else going very quickly. From the reference frame of an infalling object, their clocks are ticking at normal speed (by definition - a local clock measures how fast physical processes happen locally). But the far-away world seems to be sped up.

But from our frame of reference, time passes normally,

Time passes normally to everybody in their own frame of reference.

so we would observe the object falling into the event horizon just as we would an object falling into a star, minus the red shift and vanishing?

No. In our frame of reference, all physical processes near the black hole, be that clocks, falling people or light, are moving in slow motion. In the absene of red shifts and other optical phenomena, we would observe the object to inch closer and closer to the horizon ever more slowly until it's hardly moving. A photon next to them would similarly move extremely slowly (the speed of light as measured locally is constant, but not in other parts of spacetime).

I guess what you thought was something along the lines of "people in areas where time moves quickly will see everything move quickly, and people in areas where time moves slowly will see everything move slowly". To see why that doesn't make any sense, imagine if I had a slow-ray and shot it at you. It would slow you down, but not me. But because I'm not slowed down doesn't mean that I will see you moving at normal speed. Your time passes more slowly than mine, so I will see you move more slowly than me. And since your mind is also affected by the speed of time, you won't perceive yourself to be moving any slower than normal. But to you the rest of the world would look like a movie in fast-forward mode.

So I have a hard time understanding how it would take an infinite time from the perspective of an outside observer

I hope this helps.

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