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Submission + - Carbon Dioxide From the Air Converted Into Methanol (

Zothecula writes: The danger posed by rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide has seen many schemes proposed to remove a proportion it from the air. Rather than simply capture this greenhouse gas and bury it in the ground, though, many experiments have managed to transform CO2 into useful things like carbon nanofibers or even fuels, such as diesel. Unfortunately, the over-arching problem with many of these conversions is the particularly high operating temperatures that require almost counterproductive amounts of energy to produce relatively low yields of fuel. Now researchers at the University of Southern California (USC) claim to have devised a way to take CO2 directly from the air and convert it into methanol using much lower temperatures and in a correspondingly simpler way.

Submission + - Wendelstein 7-X Fusion Reactor Produces its First Flash of Hydrogen Plasma (

Zothecula writes: Experimentation with Germany's newest fusion reactor is beginning to heat up, to temperatures of around 80 million degrees Celsius, to be precise. Having fired up the Wendelstein 7-X to produce helium plasma late last year, researchers have built on their early success to generate its first hydrogen plasma, an event they say begins the true scientific operation of the world's largest fusion stellarator.

Submission + - World's Smallest Optical Switch Uses a Single Atom (

Zothecula writes: The rapid and on-going development of micro-miniature optical electronic devices is helping to usher in a new era of photonic computers and light-based memories that promise super-fast processor speeds and ultra-secure communications. However, as these components are shrunk ever further, fundamental limits to their dimensions are dictated by the wavelength of light itself. Now researchers at ETH Zurich claim to have overcome this limitation by creating both the world's smallest optical switch using a single atom, and accompanying circuitry that appears to break the rules by being smaller than the wavelength of the light that passes through it.

Submission + - Nanoscale Lattice is World's Smallest (

Zothecula writes: Scientists from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have created a tiny lattice they claim is the world's smallest. Formed with struts and braces measuring less than 10 micrometers in length and less than 200 nanometers in diameter, the 3D lattice has a total size of less than 10 micrometers, but boasts a higher specific strength than most solids.

Submission + - Sorry Spider-Man, But Geckos Are the Largest Wall Crawlers (

Zothecula writes: Having faced off the Green Goblin and Mysterio, Spider-Man has been defeated by his greatest enemy; math. According to a team of scientists from Cambridge University, for the webslinger to stick to a wall, he'd need hands and feet equal to 40 percent of his entire body surface area. Though this may dismay web head's fans, it may provide insights into how to improve gecko-like adhesives.

Submission + - Graphene Optical Lens a Billionth of a Meter Thick Breaks the Diffraction Limit (

Zothecula writes: With the development of photonic chips and nano-optics, the old ground glass lenses can't keep up in the race toward miniaturization. In the search for a suitable replacement, a team from the Swinburne University of Technology has developed a graphene microlens one billionth of a meter thick that can take sharper images of objects the size of a single bacterium and opens the door to improved mobile phones, nanosatellites, and computers.

Submission + - Astronomers Generate Image Equivalent to Telescope 63,000 Miles Wide (

Zothecula writes: The cosmos came into sharper focus this week with astronomers releasing the highest resolution astronomical image yet. The product of 15 earthbound radio telescopes and a Russian satellite, the image of a black hole in a galaxy 900 millions light years away is detailed enough to show the equivalent of a US 50-cent piece on the Moon.

Submission + - A Pinch of Graphene Could Keep Airplane Wings Ice-Free (

Zothecula writes: Both airplane wings and helicopter rotor blades are subject to one problem – they can both ice up. Although de-icing solutions can be applied when aircraft are on the ground, that doesn't stop ice from eventually forming once they're in the air. That's why scientists at Texas' Rice University have developed a new graphene-based coating that continuously melts ice by conducting an electrical current.

Submission + - Lithium-Oxygen Breakthrough Clears the Air for Boosted Batteries (

Zothecula writes: Boasting an energy density similar to that of gasoline, lithium-air (or lithium-oxygen) batteries may one day prove the panacea for the range-anxiety associated with electric vehicles. But first there are a number of challenges that need to be overcome, one of which is the unwanted buildup of lithium peroxide on the electrode which hampers this type of battery's performance. Scientists have now figured out a way that this mess might be avoided – an advance they say could lead to batteries with five times the energy density of those currently available.

Submission + - Loon Copter Drone Flies, Floats and Dives Underwater (

Zothecula writes: As is the case with its feathered namesake, Oakland University's Loon Copter drone can fly, land on the water to see what's under the surface, and then dive down to check out what it sees. It flies in the same fashion as any other quadcopter, and initially floats when it comes to rest on the water. It can then simply sit in one spot, or it can use its props to push itself along the surface. The real fun starts when it pumps water into its buoyancy chamber, though, causing it to sink.

Submission + - SpaceX Crew Dragon Hovers on Tails of Fire (

Zothecula writes: SpaceX has shown off its new party trick with the release of a video of the Crew Dragon manned space capsule conducting a powered hover test. Though no one was aboard, the tethered mock-up craft managed to lift itself into a hover position using the its SuperDraco thrusters during a five-second burn.

Submission + - DARPA Looks at Revolutionizing Neural Interface Implants (

Zothecula writes: DARPA has announced a program aimed at developing a cutting edge neural implant capable of forming a communication bridge between a human brain and a biocompatible device. It is hoped that technology, developed under the Neural Engineering System Design program, will have a wide range of applications in research and healthcare.

Submission + - Google Maps Gives the Street View Treatment to World's Largest Model Railroad (

Zothecula writes: Remember when Google Street View only allowed you to explore streets? Since its launch in 2007, the service has been expanded to include things like coral reefs, hiking trails and the Amazon River. In its latest "off-road" adventure, however, Google Maps has thought smaller – it's used miniaturized Street View cameras to visually map a model railroad.

Submission + - Detailed Seafloor Gravity Map Brings the Earth's Surface Into Sharp Focus (

Zothecula writes: Not so long ago the ocean floor was as unknown as the far side of the Moon. Now, an international team of scientists is using satellite data to chart the deep ocean by measuring the Earth's gravitational field. The result is a new, highly-detailed map that covers the three-quarters of the Earth's surface that lies underwater. The map is already providing new insights into global geology.

Submission + - Weak Electrical Field Found to Carry Information Around the Brain (

Zothecula writes: In a development that could lead to improved understanding of memory formation and epilepsy, scientists have discovered a new way information may be traveling throughout the brain. The team has identified slow-moving brainwaves it says could be carried only by the brain's gentle electrical field, a mechanism previously thought to be incapable of spreading neural signals altogether.

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