You typically need cooling water to efficiently generate electricity, no matter what source of heat is used to drive the boilers. You have to be able to condense the steam coming from the turbines to create a near vacuum, which requires a vast heat sink. That's why coal-fired stations are also often put next to rivers or lakes.
You wouldn't forego the interoperability. It's fine to continue using FAT.
I was simply saying that the patent system should be changed so that the patent on the short file name feature should have been revoked long ago (even if it had not been found to be obvious), due to the fact that nobody needs to interoperate with DOS machines any more, which was the original point of the invention. Having to use the patented feature so that FAT can interoperate with FAT is just a tautology that provides no benefit to a patent licensee. Thus, people should be free to use FAT today without worrying about this patent.
Sorry, but I'm unable to parse your question in its entirety, nor do I see how any of its fragments are relevant to the discussion.
I would like to pretend that DOS is not still with us today, but that would be false. There's still people out there using short file names today. They're useful to someone.
Ok, so there are a few embedded industrial controllers still running DOS, and a few dorks running retro games in their moms' basements.
That doesn't mean that any of them are loading media files off of today's hardware gadgets into these relics. (In fact, a single one of these media files typically exceeds the entire addressable storage capacity of a DOS machine.) Yet Microsoft extracts royalties from the gadget manufacturers as if compatibility with short file names were an essential feature of the media libraries of everybody on the planet.
Whether it's relevant any more or not is neither here nor there.
I was arguing that it should be.
If I invent a way to make a clockwork mechanism work more efficiently, that's still an invention, still patentable.
And it's useful to someone. People still buy mechanical timekeeping devices, often at a very high price premium.
Short file names aren't useful to anyone in this day and age.
The network effect is similar to begging the question.
Something is popular because it's popular.
One of the important requirements for a patentable invention is that it must be "useful".
This patent originally covered a way to provide compatibility between short and long file names. But nobody has used short file names in decades.
So now, the "feature" continues to be necessary only so that FAT can provide compatibility with itself. That's like begging the question. The feature no longer has any intrinsic usefulness, and in fact just serves to make the file system format more convoluted and less efficient.
The patent system ought to be changed so that any patent should be revoked once it is no longer useful for its intended purpose. This particular patent has recently been "useful" solely as a way to give Microsoft leverage in the media device market. The covered feature provides zero benefit to end users.
- and who will guard the guards themselves?
What they *should* be saying is not to consume poisons, or not to consume sufficient volumes of the good stuff that it becomes poisonous. Neither of these has anything at all to do with the level of processing involved.
They don't in theory.
In reality, the two are very highly correlated. So in the real world, for real people, the advice about processed foods is valid.
Trace amounts of hydrogenated oil are harmless, but large quantities are probably not a good idea.
Gee, and guess what a lot of "processed foods" contain?
Large quantities of hydrogenated oils.
Foods you pick off of the vine contain these things.
In general, they contain trace amounts of bad things, and a large number of essential things.
Processed foods, OTOH, tend to include large amounts of bad things and omit many of the essential things you'd find growing on a vine.
The key is in the amounts, not whether they or not they can be detected in one food or another.
In fact, people who don't eat processed foods are extremely rare, even indigenous tribes devoid of modern technology process their food.
When people say to avoid processed food, they're not talking about some tribeswoman grinding it up with a mortar and pestle. They're talking about things like Cheez Whiz, which despite what you may think, is not a healthy food source.
Words you don't recognize, or even things that aren't "natural" aren't inherently bad, in fact most of them are fine to consume.
I'm sorry, but "most" isn't good enough. When you're talking about things that people stuff into their bodies, they damned well better all be fine to consume.
In before the first derpling herps up a comparison to American beer. Herp herp derp.
Manioc "Primitive Yam" Sweet Potato Ale
Brewed by The Original Tsimane Tribe Brewing Co.
63 overall, 99 style.
Ratings: 14 Weighted Avg: 3.43 Est Calories: 345 ABV: 4.0%
4.5 AROMA: 8/10 APPEARANCE 9/10 TASTE 8/10 PALATE 7/10 OVERALL 17/20
beersnob83 - Copenhagen, Denmark
1.3l gourd - Bolivian jungle hut. Pours thick resembling orange pancake batter. Zero carbonation. Slimy head containing flecks of grass and dust. No detectable hops. Aroma of sweet potatoes, saliva, cloves, sweat socks, motor oil, goat dung, citrus, tannins, new car interior. Mouth feel of soggy grape nuts, drywall joint compound. Finishes slightly bitter with hints of grass, anchovies, turpentine. Overall, an excellent brew, blows away the macrobrews; would buy again.
A lot of these island disputes would go away if these "economic exclusion zones" were redefined from "N km from the shore" to "minimum(N, sqrt(area of island)) km from shore". It would make more sense, as well.
Car engines may be more than 20% efficient in the best case, but in real world operation including idle and jack rabbit starts, probably not. That's why they introduced hybrids: you pay extra for some batteries in order to keep the engine closer to its theoretical maximum efficiency.
IIRC, the electricity to power a car is well under half the cost of gas per mile, especially if you meter it at off-peak hours. So it would still come out ahead. The car costs more to buy mainly because of the batteries, which is the cost that we were analyzing in the first place.
The limited range is probably the main show stopper for electric cars right now.
OK, Lets use an Enerdel 12s block. 3000 cycles by 1300 watt-hours gets us 3.9 million watt-hour-cycles.
The cost is $711. So 3.9 million w-hr-cycles / $711 is 5485 w-hr-cycles per dollar. What is the w-hr-cycles of gasoline again?
That's an interesting question:
Gasoline gives us only one cycle.
You have: (114000 btu / gal) / (3$ / gal)
You want: W hr / $
Sounds bad... but car engines are only about 20% efficient and electric cars are more like 80% efficient.
If we normalize that way, the gas car is 2227, and the batteries are 4388.
Looks like the batteries win, even with current temporary lull in gas prices.