The point of ISPs extorting money out of companies like Netflix is to serve one of two goals. 1) Gain more profit for doing less work or 2) kill off the services if such costs make them unprofitable. Then, the competing service said ISP offers (or "exclusive" service contracted in) will be the only one available for those ISP customers to purchase. Win/Win for the ISP, and a loss for all of us, since one often does NOT pick their provider.
Who makes the copy? Does the receiver go onto the physical hard drive of the offering server and read each of those relevant bits itself, or does the offering system, perhaps a web server or bit torrent client, read the file (or file segment(s)) and make the copy, sending them across the wire to the requesting system? Regardless whether or not the requester initiated the copy, the distributor's agent (be it program or person) made the copy to send. The requester (or requester's agent) received and recorded what was sent to it. At most you can say it was a two-party offence, though I would not see it that way.
It seems logical that the offending party is the one OFFERING and SENDING, not receiving, the copy.
Why is the idea of rehabilitation a nice 'secondary goal' to the primary goal of stopping the person from committing crimes? By forcibly incarcerating someone, you accept responsibility for what happens to them during their incarceration as well as their attitude afterwards. If you fail to even consider providing incentives or starting any kind of positive feedback loops for good behaviors for those you've restrained, then you fail to live up to your goal of stopping the person from committing crimes. Oh, you get a few months or years respite from them while they're in jail, but unless you plan to keep them locked up for even the pettiest of "uncomfortable crimes" such as burglary, then they WILL be released in time.
Tailoring the punishments to assistance to not commit crimes, even if that assistance means a support group for someone who's lonely and steals something to get attention instead of jail, you gain real improvements in peoples lives. It is called the 'Department of Corrections' for a reason. Perhaps it's time we started correcting the issue instead of just shutting them away.
... or diagnosed as suffering from mental illness
It isn't just 'diagnosed with a mental illness', the proper term is 'adjudicated'. Meaning, you go before a judge and they decide you are unfit to possess a firearm. The other method the mentally ill are barred is following (and during) a stay in a mental health institution. Of course, these rules seem to be decided by the states, but most include similar language that does not include simple 'diagnosis'.
Start up/shut down times are nominally much improved due to hardware states not having to be reinitialized from scratch every single boot. This also assists with a higher function, low power sleep mode.
Cleaned up timing core meaning that where Windows 7 is hard-locked to a timer cycle, Windows 8 is not and can scale down processor usage accordingly. It is also more efficient in memory usage, reducing the footprint in memory considerably. http://www.engadget.com/2011/0...
Hyper-visor core technologies using Hyper-V (supporting 32 and 64 bit guests) rather than that lackluster Virtual PC. (no link, this is just a 'duh' observation)
Problems with the ugly start menu can be resolved in part using the Windows 8.1 free upgrade, the Update 1 (adding more desktop-friendly features back into the UI) and use of the Windows-S search feature to quickly locate programs you frequently use. I don't often go to the start menu myself, I open the Search utility and find my app in as few keystrokes as possible. It isn't perfect, but it (combined with the core re-architecture mentioned before) makes Windows 8 very usable.
I'm not shilling for ISPs. I'd rather see municipalities own infrastructure and companies and the people use it. That way, real competition can actually occur, not just the duopoly we usually have. And, if the people in an area want faster internet, they can fund an upgrade of the infrastructure and see who comes to provide the service.
You don't build a road because someone wants to come to your door and deliver you some goods. You build a road because you want them to be able to do so.
Funny, in my anecdotal evidence, my power, coax, and telephone lines are run through a 10 foot easement at the back of my yard, buried underground. It is like that for all houses on my street. I believe water sewer and natural gas come from the street side at the front, also buried underground. But because you never saw a setup like mine, that must mean it doesn't exist. I see.
It isn't intellectually dishonest to compare regulated utilities (electric, water, sewer) with "regulated" utilities (telecom) because the reasons I gave are correct. And yes, I do still see telecom companies as regulated, since when you have to allow an interconnect to other companies providing the same service, you are not free to do as you would please (unregulated). You do not want a disruption on your property, people digging holes to lay new lines, because someone down the street wants a different brand of Cable than what is in the area. Because of that reason, telecom companies were given a local monopoly. Laws might have been changed to allow for competitors, but even if they have, where are the competition?
In a perfect world, perhaps every underground run would have extra space. Frankly, if a city owned the conduits by through which the lines were run, awesome! That would allow for new contenders in an area without disruption, the exact goal I would seek. That is exactly the equivalent 'public infrastructure, private usage' I hinted at. However, I don't believe the cities generally own said conduit to provide that service. When the conduits are privately held and AT&T (for example) won't let a competitor run lines through their conduit, that kind of turns us back to the competitor having to run their own conduit and line, doesn't it?
AT&T already has data caps. I was informed recently that I had exceeded mine, yet their site is such a pain to find it I had little idea how to assess my usage.
There is the issue of certain services being 'natural monopolies'. How many power companies do you want running power lines to your home in order to offer you power service? Network companies running fiber, cable, or coax to offer you the Internet? Water? Sewer?
See, when something requires the customer to receive not just the service but also build infrastructure through other people's property to deliver it to them, most people realize that allowing many companies to build that infrastructure is a disruptive pain. Since we don't have the core infrastructure built so that such cables can be laid without disrupting someone else's property, the trade-off has been a limited number of contenders in an area. You can argue whether that's right or not, or if there are better ways, but that is what the compromise was in order to allow for the service and yet not be a disruption.
Personally, I see local infrastructure like power lines, fiber, coax, cable, etc as just like roads. Who maintains your roads? Anyone that provides a service using those roads can do so without disruption, and the entity that owns them maintains them and permits access. They generally have no vested interest in extorting excess money out of the users of those roads, but do charge them for use. Other aspects of our infrastructure could be similarly maintained and we would solve the 'local monopoly' issue while minimizing disruption.
Netflix isn't a network carrier, provider of internet services, or anything else that involves routing or handling of network packets. They are a catalyst for a discussion on Internet monopolies because they came up with something Done Right. They have a successful business model in that they provide a service that a LOT of people enjoy and want to use. What stands in the way is the network and rent-seeking companies unwilling to improve infrastructure because it cuts into their profits. Netflix's involvement is incidental to this discussion, and it could've been any other product with such popularity. Skype, if video calling ever really took off. Facebook, if it comes up with Virtual Reality social networking. Video poker, with real video streams.
So, from this Netflix-instigated problem, we have these questions. Is it acceptable for Comcast to use it's monopoly position over its user base to provide preferential treatment to it's own video on demand services, the same services in direct competition to Netflix? Is it acceptable for composite local+transit ISPs to keep their peering interconnects at or near capacity to encourage content providers to co-locate services at said ISP, and then blame self-imposed network saturation as reason why? Is it acceptable that the expectation is that, once you get one kind of internet service, you are unlikely to get another improved service in anything under a decade?
I'm all for companies making a profit. I don't hold a grudge against them for doing it. What I hold a grudge against is said companies using their position not to provide the best possible service, but to extract the most profit possible for the least amount of work.
They aren't "dumping huge amounts of traffic onto them" for the purposes of routing through their backbone to some other carrier's user, though. They're dumping huge amounts of traffic onto Comcast's network because Comcast USERS are ASKING for it. You make it sound like Netflix is DDOSing Comcast, but it's frankly just providing a service that customers want to access. If you, as an last-mile or local ISP cannot handle that traffic, then it is either on you to improve your service to handle the traffic your users are requesting, throttle it down so that you have bandwidth for other purposes, or advertise "Cannot access Internet Video Services here" and ensure that your customers know where not to go if that is the service they're after.
If you can phrase your disgust in a way that doesn't involve misunderstanding how client-server traffic works, we might find understanding with your position. As it is, though, you totally misunderstand how data from Netflix finds its way onto the Internet, and why it goes where it goes.
Netflix isn't a network carrier, they are a content provider. That would seem to be problem #1 with your comments. Problem #2 is that content must be delivered to the requester, the end user. This idea that Netflix's CDN must pay to another carrier via peering trunks because the data is going to that other carrier's user doesn't seem much like a peering relationship. I mean, how can you be a peer with a local ISP? That Comcast built their own network backbone to run traffic along is nice and all that, but they're trying to be local ISP and a transit ISP at the same time. They've changed the look of the traditional model of Internet interconnects and are attempting to declare that everyone (customer and transit ISPs alike) must pay them to deliver content their own users are requesting. It is an abuse of these peering agreements, in my opinion.
I look at the situation (optimistically) as sort of like Elon Musk, founder of Paypal, starting SpaceX. Hopefully Zuckerburg is interested in Oculus because he thinks it is a worthwhile technology to invest in, not because he wants to absorb it into Facebook.
This could have been accomplished by Zuckerburg having funded it himself, rather than Facebook the corporate entity doing it. By utilizing the face of the company instead, it implies a much more business- and profit-oriented reason instead of a personally-interested reason for investing.
If the 'found' DNS entry is not something that they were looking for, when the client hashes it and sends it to the Valve servers, it would be difficult to translate back into a DNS name. If Valve knows the hash of the specific DNS names they want to know about and your client sends them that then yes, they know. However, given a hash and the wealth of DNS names in the wild, it would be difficult to identify the specific DNS name using just that hash value. That is, after all, one of the primary points of using hash values in the first place.
If they chose to hash every DNS name ever and build a hash table of that, they MIGHT be able to know what sites you visit, but hash collisions and the sheer size of the input set make it difficult to obtain any useful information.
Personally, I'm on the fence whether what they're doing is abusive or not. However, it does appear as though they are trying to take steps to protect user privacy.
The third world can't pull itself up by it's own bootstraps, or won't? What made the US an immediate 'first world' nation? Was it born that way, fully industrialized and ready to go, or did it have to get going on it's own? Who helped the US to become first world, if it wasn't immediate?
The idea that somehow it takes a first world nation to give everything to a third world nation and that they can't industrialize on their own is arrogance at its finest. It isn't an easy process, sure, but it can be done if there's a will to do it. It is far easier to get it from people that have already done it, but the benefits are better if you do it yourself. Hell, we've probably had more than a few 'first world' nations that have fallen back into 'third world' status. Rome comes to mind. I'm sure they were 'first world' in their time, and they fell into disarray for a while. So, it seems like we've been able to reinvent the wheel a few times. I'm sure even if we left the third world alone, they could eventually figure it out.