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Comment: Re:I don't think it's technology (Score 1) 316

Benefits that people working 2 or 3 part-time jobs don't get.

Even for employees without much in the way of the way of health insurance, life insurance, or disability insurance pre-tax compensation, employers still need to pay their part of Social Security & Medicare, Federal unemployment insurance, state unemployment insurance, and workers' compensation insurance as part of total hourly compensation.

Across all workers, the cost of legally required benefits is actually as much as the total cost of employer-provided health insurance. See this breakdown for more info.

Comment: Re:perception (Score 4, Informative) 316

"Why the asylums were closed is anyone's guess."

In California, the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act was passed "To end the inappropriate, indefinite, and involuntary commitment of mentally disordered persons, people with developmental disabilities, and persons impaired by chronic alcoholism."

The goal of Deinstitutionalization was that instead of being warehoused in huge, remote institutions, mental patients should be returned to communities where, with help, they might achieve some function in society. Unfortunately there was not much funding for the second part, plus some patients chose the streets if they were not involuntarily committed. Thus many deinstitutionalized patients became homeless.

Comment: Re:I Pay (Score 1) 321

by TheSync (#46758575) Attached to: Netflix Gets What It Pays For: Comcast Streaming Speeds Skyrocket

What you "pay for" is "internet access UP TO X speed".

And the key is that there is oversubscription at the end user cable modem. If everyone was doing time multiplexed operations (like web browsing), each burst of your transmission would likely be near full speed. But when you and all your neighbors are watching Netflix at night at the same time, the network becomes oversubscribed and speeds drop.

Comment: Re:i don't understand (Score 1) 564

by TheSync (#46672809) Attached to: Was Eich a Threat To Mozilla's $1B Google "Trust Fund"?

I'm inclined to go lynch 10,000 homosexuals, just so people would get to see what real discrimination looks like...

Gee, then you must be happy about Matthew Shepard, Brandon Teena, Gary Matson and Winfield Mowder, Arthur Warren, etc.

Plenty of gay people are violently attacked, discriminated against in housing and business, etc.

Comment: Oh yeah it can be tough (Score 4, Interesting) 257

by TheSync (#46654647) Attached to: Start-Up Founders On Dealing With Depression

When I ran a start-up, I remember the pressure being crazy. I believe I had gastric reflux pretty bad. Then when it failed (like most start-ups do), it hit pretty hard. The good news is that it was an incredible experience, and I learned a great deal about business and life from it.

Comment: Re:Dialup? Windows 95? (Score 1) 126

by TheSync (#46578203) Attached to: Adam Carolla Joins Fight Against Podcast Patent Troll

"What is claimed is: A media player for acquiring and reproducing media program files which represent episodes as said episodes become available, said media player comprising: a digital memory, a communication port..., a processor..., an output unit for reproducing ... the media files."

Sounds like iTunes. Version 4.9 of iTunes, launched in June 28, 2005 was the first to have podcast support (according to Wikipedia). I don't even slightly believe that iTunes was the first podcast player.

RealNetwork's had the "RealChannel" concept at some point in the late 1990's (post 1996 though).

PointCast offered audio push as of 1997. Didn't last long.

Supposedly Marimba Castanet had pushed audio support in 1997 as well.

All of the "push" systems failed because they were blowing out corporate WAN bandwidth (most companies were connected via 56 kbps, 128 kbps, or 1.5 Mbps Internet connections)

Comment: Prior Art (Score 3, Informative) 126

by TheSync (#46575069) Attached to: Adam Carolla Joins Fight Against Podcast Patent Troll

1993: Carl Malamud launched Internet Talk Radio the "first computer-radio talk show, each week interviewing a computer expert" distributed "as audio files that computer users fetch one by one." I suspect he was using PCM or delta PCM codec, the files were huge, and probably could only be played back on Sun workstations.

1995: Mark Cuban and Todd Wagner started Audionet. Here are downloadable files from Dec. 1996 and I suspect there were earlier ones.

April 1995: RealAudio released by RealNetworks. This was a watershed in audio codec efficiency, and started the launch of a lot of downloadable audio programs.

1996: Microsoft releases NetShow 1.0, a competing streaming player to RealAudio.

I also believe that William Mutual's was delivering audio files of programs in 1996.

I had a RealAudio server in 1996 and probably was serving up audio files, but frankly I can't remember. I definitely was doing so by 1997.

Comment: Reality (Score 2) 466

by TheSync (#46570073) Attached to: AT&T Exec Calls Netflix "Arrogant" For Expecting Net Neutrality

1) In telecom [telegraph, telex, telephone] "sender pays" has been the rules on settlements. Just like a sender pays to put a stamp on a letter. Even when a customer of a CLEC 1 initiates a call to another CLEC 2 through an ILEC, CLEC 1 pays ILEC, ILEC pays CLEC 2. This is why there were many of these free teleconference systems, they are run by CLECs trying to get settlements by having more people call them long distance.

2) There was a brief period of the Internet where "no one paid" for the Internet because of government support, and the result was a typical tragedy of the commons - horrible congestion (the 56K NSFNet). Eventually the NSFNet had to classify traffic into high-priority terminal sessions and lower priority traffic like FTP.

3) The CIX came along to interconnect large commercial networks. These networks were generally exchanging equal amounts of traffic. Once you bought into CIX, you peered without settlements.

No-Pay peering with others that exchange equal amount of traffic with you in both directions makes technological sense due to symmetric bandwidth capacities of interfaces.

For example, a network service provider's 100 Mbps FDDI connection at the MAE-EAST provides 100 Mbps in both directions. It doesn't make sense to peer with someone who sending you 100 Mbps and only receiving 1 Mbps of your traffic.

Peering and/or settlement agreements between networks have evolved over time to balance the real-world business situation. For example, you might not want to charge as much to a customer that runs a huge, dependable software archive that your other customers benefit from. Similarly, today's cable providers probably should make Netflix pay less, but Netflix should still pay something.

I feel this is something the market should work out.

In the meantime, we need to figure out how to enhance competition in the local ISP market. A Federal law to make local monopoly franchises granted by government illegal would be a good start...

Comment: Re:Peering and Bandwidth Symmetry (Score 1) 182

by TheSync (#46547339) Attached to: Level 3 Wants To Make Peering a Net Neutrality Issue

the rules have always been that if you have roughly the same amount of traffic inbound and outbound, peering has no charge.

I'm curious why this was the rule - is it because most network interfaces are inherently bi-directional? Or was it a feeling that information is valuable, so if your network absorbs valuable information from the outside, it should provide an equivalent amount of valuable information back out?

Lend money to a bad debtor and he will hate you.