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Comment: Re:Exact mathematical value isn't the ideal (Score 1) 238

by Shinobi (#48115433) Attached to: Where Intel Processors Fail At Math (Again)

"I'll tell you now that I wouldn't rely on a FPU instruction to be anywhere near accurate. If I was doing anything serious, I'd be plugging into Maple, Matlab, Mathematica and similar who DO NOT rely on hardware instructions. And just because two numbers "add up" on the computer, that's FAR from a formal proof or even a value you could pass to an engineer."

That depends on what kind of FPU you are using. The Power 6/Power 7 Decimal Floating Point unit is sufficiently accurate for engineering use

Comment: Re:The Nobel Prize Committee blew it (Score 1) 276

by Shinobi (#48107267) Attached to: No Nobel For Nick Holonyak Jr, Father of the LED

Nobel's will has a lot of power. All prizes are handed out according to the rules and guidelines expressed within the will.

As for the money, the Nobel Foundation manages the investments, and pays out the money for the Prizes. The rules are VERY difficult to change, to the point that you can describe it as borderline impossible.

Comment: Re:Not the first time: Cabibbo (Score 5, Informative) 276

by Shinobi (#48105187) Attached to: No Nobel For Nick Holonyak Jr, Father of the LED

Actually, according to the rules of the Prize, as laid down in the will and testament, yes, it is supposed to. Nobel did NOT want to award only "pure" theoretical science, he wanted to award those scientists and engineers who actively helped mankind. The language of the will and testament is VERY clear and specific, and a common goal for all the Prize is for the practical betterment of mankind and society.

Comment: Re:One of the worst awards ever (Score 2) 276

by Shinobi (#48104481) Attached to: No Nobel For Nick Holonyak Jr, Father of the LED

The guidelines for the Nobel Prizes are that they SHOULD factor in practical advancement for mankind. And, in that regard, blue LEDs are a MUCH more critical achievement. Nobel did NOT want to reward "pure" theoretical research done in isolation, he wanted scientists and engineers to actively work towards real-world goals.

Comment: Re:Pointless arguments year after year (Score 5, Informative) 276

by Shinobi (#48104403) Attached to: No Nobel For Nick Holonyak Jr, Father of the LED

Huh? Motivations unknown to the public? Holy crap, then you are uneducated....

The physics and chemistry prizes are awarded by Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien(Royal Academy of Science), whose everyday task is to promote science. In accordance with the rules laid down in the will, they are tasked with promoting science that leads to advancement for mankind. Thus, by necessity, they promote science that leads to practical advancements and not just "pure" theoretical advancements.

The Nobel Prize for Physiology/Medicine is awarded by Karolinska Sjukhuset(A fairly renowned hospital with a significant research and education division). As above, their task, as laid down in the will, is to promote science by rewarding practical progress that leads to the betterment of mankind, and not just "pure" theoretical research.

The Nobel Prize in Litterature is awarded by Svenska Akademien, whose task in awarding the Nobel Prize is by following the rules of the will, which is in fact somewhat problematic, because if they were to strictly follow the rules, they'd no longer be able to hand out any prize at all, due to how litterary styles and tastes have changed.

The Nobel Peace Prize is handed out by the Norwegian Nobel Committe, which is selected by the Norwegian Parliament, according to the rules set out in the will.

Comment: Re:The Nobel Prize Committee blew it (Score 5, Interesting) 276

by Shinobi (#48103731) Attached to: No Nobel For Nick Holonyak Jr, Father of the LED

The red visible light LED was just a small progression from the infrared LED. The blue LED required MASSIVE fundamental physics research to even lay the foundation for it being possible.

You can read the scientific background on the Nobel Prize website.

Someone on StackExchange also summed it up like this:
"The invention of MOCVD technology for growing crystals (early 1970s);
Finding the right recipe to grow good GaN by MOCVD (i.e., use a sapphire substrate, start with a low temperature step then switch to high temperature, etc.) (mid-1980s);
Finding the right recipe to grow p-type GaN (what dopant to use (Mg), in what concentration, and what annealing / treating recipe to use to make the Mg dopants actually work and reduce the number of unintended n-type dopants that were canceling it out) (early 1990s);
Once all that was in place, find good structures to make LEDs (e.g. if you can also grow InGaN then you can make quantum wells) (early-to-mid 1990s)."

Comment: Re:The Nobel Prize Committee blew it (Score 1) 276

by Shinobi (#48103659) Attached to: No Nobel For Nick Holonyak Jr, Father of the LED

Also, keep in mind that the Peace Prize is not awarded by the main Nobel Committe, but instead the Norwegian Nobel Committe, which is selected by the norwegian parliament.

And, as one of the many Norway jokes go:

Why are there no mental asylums in Norway?
It'd cost too much to wall and roof the entire country....

Comment: Re:Maybe (Score 5, Informative) 276

by Shinobi (#48103437) Attached to: No Nobel For Nick Holonyak Jr, Father of the LED

You are almost correct. If you read the scientific background for the decision, you'll see that the blue LED was a real breakthrough, requiring a lot of fundamental physics research, while Holonyak's own papers show that he was more involved in further evolution of existing LEDs. Holonyak didn't actually invent the original LEDs, and those who did are dead, and the Nobel Prize is never awarded posthumously.

As someone on StackExchange summed it up too:

"The invention of MOCVD technology for growing crystals (early 1970s);
Finding the right recipe to grow good GaN by MOCVD (i.e., use a sapphire substrate, start with a low temperature step then switch to high temperature, etc.) (mid-1980s);
Finding the right recipe to grow p-type GaN (what dopant to use (Mg), in what concentration, and what annealing / treating recipe to use to make the Mg dopants actually work and reduce the number of unintended n-type dopants that were canceling it out) (early 1990s);
Once all that was in place, find good structures to make LEDs (e.g. if you can also grow InGaN then you can make quantum wells) (early-to-mid 1990s)."

The Blue LED inventors were awarded the prize because they managed to put together a lot of pieces of highly original research, and doing something that was in fact considered impossible for quite a while by many LED researchers.

Comment: Re:Cost of government-provided services (Score 1) 346

by Shinobi (#48093867) Attached to: Why America Won't Match Sweden's Cheap, Fast, Competitive Internet Services

Actually, it's not subsidized. The municipalities get loans to build it out, loans that then have to be repaid. Then commercial ISP's rent capacity to offer services to the consumers. Commercial ISP's that generally refuse to build out such networks themselves, it should be mentioned.

Comment: Re:not complicated...monopology (Score 2) 346

by Shinobi (#48093803) Attached to: Why America Won't Match Sweden's Cheap, Fast, Competitive Internet Services

Sweden is a bit larger than California. If you compare with the east coast, you take all of New England, all of New York(the state), all of Pennsylvania, and add a few thousand extra square kilometers, and you match Sweden's size.

Population is a bit over 9M

Thing is, you can get 100/100 in places in Sweden where US people would be stuck with ADSL or satellite at best. Such as in Karesuando for example. Little village almost as far north as you can get in Sweden, 300 inhabitants. Municipal fibre available. IIRC, 8 different commercial ISP's compete over that municipal network. https://goo.gl/maps/1gHta

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