If you grow up in rich suburbia to parents who care, you will have more opportunity than someone who grows up the ghetto to a single parent that is neglectful.
If you want a level playing field, then look for socioeconomic factors, not race.
Ok . . . so how would that work? A kid applying to college, with parents who care, would get points deducted, because his parents care . .
And a kid whose parents don't care would get points added? And plus one for a single parent, minus one for two parents . . . and minus a half point for other relatives living in the house . . . ?
No matter how you try to "level the playing field" . . . it will never be "fair" . . .