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Medicine

+ - Computer more accurate than human doctor at breast-> 5 5

MrSeb writes: "Computer scientists and pathologists at Stanford University now have a computer system that can look a tissue sample and diagnose breast cancer more accurately than a human doctor. The computer system, called C-Path (Computational Pathologist), even went one step further and identified previously-undiscovered cellular structures that can be used by computers and humans alike to improve the diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer patients in the future. C-Path replaces the human looking down the microscope and uses computer vision to look for the same cancerous indicators. All told, C-Path uses 6,642 cellular factors (compared to the handful used by human doctors). The researchers hope that C-Path can improve cancer diagnosis and prognosis, bring advanced medicine to developing countries, and hopefully improve pre-cancerous screening to prevent cancer in the first place."
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Security

+ - New Techniques for Detecting Hardware Trojans->

Orome1 writes: Most Internet users know about the existence of software Trojans, but that of hardware ones is less known. They consist of integrated circuits that have been modified by malicious individuals so that when triggered, they try to disable or bypass the system's security, or even destroy the entire chip on which they are located. There are a number of techniques for detecting hardware Trojans, but they are time- and effort-consuming. So a team of researchers from the NYU-Poly and the University of Connecticut have decided to search for an easier solution, and came up with the idea of "designing for trust."
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