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Comment Re:Blindfold Anyone? (Score 1) 117

For children with lazy eye, the patch is generally worn for a few hours a day for 6 months to a year. The older you are, the less well patching works (presumably because your brain is less plastic in these regards).

I had lazy eye when I was a child and the treatment was eye exercises using different cards with shapes, focal exercises (a string with focus markers on them held out from the face) and a pen that you move around and maintain focus on. I got some awesome headaches doing it however I didn't need glasses for 40 odd years.

Recently it has made a re-appearance and I was dismayed to find that I was just prescribed glasses, which help, but even for the few weeks I've had them I've noticed that it just makes the good eye less capable of seeing and the lazy eye even worse, so I stopped wearing them because they seemed to be making the condition worse.

I'm doing the exercises again and working through the headaches and regularly cover the good eye to force the lazy eye to focus, it seems better however I have to make a conscious effort to focus and another to not let my eyes go *out* of focus.

It is annoying and I hope this research will help. Thanks for the link to the tetris game treatment, which will be the next thing to try.

Comment Re:I disagree that this tool should be illegal (Score 1) 88

that it should be illegal to use it against someone against their will... sure.

But to even own it? No.

You can't do system testing without tools that are effectively hack tools. And even if you've no good reason to have it, it isn't the government's place to say what programs we have or don't have.

The Australian government tried to do this in the '90's. I wrote to them making exactly that point as I was securing clients to what is now ISO17799. Legislators around the world are getting a lot of bad advice about what laws should be constructed. Geeks/Nerds should participate more when laws are being made regarding technology.

I've often find myself wondering how much more actual business and computer work I could do, personally, without writing to say 'that's a bad idea and it will hurt us thus' and making sure the communications are respectful enough to have an impact.

Like it or not Geeks and Nerds have found themselves at the apex of activity where new laws are being constructed around the world and my experiences are that it makes sense to read and understand proposed laws so as to understand the potential impact on work in technology. Reading the laws proposed for many countries is no harder to read than a shell script, except you are the shell. You are subject to the effect of law as it's the language used to program the behavioral boundaries of a community, so sometimes you can shape it in a very small, but meaningful, way.

Comment Re:Here's the article (Score 1) 210

It's a simple, clean font. He took special care to make sure l,I, and 1 all look different, as well as 0, O. Looks good at low resolution.

Indeed yes, I've just installed the odf hack font in ~/.fonts of my cygwin install and a simple

xterm -fa "Hack-Regular" -fs "10" &

shows it to be a very readable, now default, font for me. It is still quite readable even at 8 points!.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - Yucca and Disposal (Score 1) 338

No need to get emotional.

Tell me... where would you sequester nuclear waste if not Yucca Mountain? Name a place we can put it.

I'd suggest the geology of the Rocky Mountains is closer to what is required, however I'm sure that there are other granite mountains that are suitable in the US in line with DOE's original 'defense in depth' parameters and what we have learned in the meantime about how granite captures radioisotopes and filters it from the water table.

As I said Yucca mountain is pumice, that's why it is inappropriate *geology* and hydrology.

And you say you're okay with nuclear power? Okay... cite a reactor design you find acceptable.

I already did that, IFR.

But unlike you "I actually have constructive solutions" for all these things. I'm fine with any energy source so long as it is done reasonably.

Well I'm yet to see you even demonstrate a knowledge of the issues, like the water table of Yucca let alone the capacity to tackle more complex issues regarding reactor and infrastructure design that lead to solutions.

So... I don't concede the fucking point.

So, instead of considering the facts presented in a balanced way you've become emotional once confronted with whats required to *actually* gain an understanding. You don't have fact to support your argument and I have produced information to support mine, for you, about the issues.

It's ok, I know it is difficult and confronting to take it in but if you want to maintain an opinion that doesn't stand up to examination then that reveals that your opinion is based on social proof, not actual proof. I won't take your insults personally.

Not conceding the point just reveals that you probably haven't reach the mental maturity required to have this debate, let alone contribute to it so it is unlikely that your opinion will evolve much further until you do - I've seen it before.

Now that I have proven your beliefs to be false, perhaps it would be wise to keep your opinions to yourself until you have had time to evaluate the information presented lest people think that you are a nuclear fanboi.

I'll accept that *you're done*, you cannot defend your argument and that you aren't honest enough to concede the point.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - Advocacy (Score 1) 338

As to the NRC... specify your issue. You're obviously contrary to what you said a strong anti nuclear proponent and that's fine... everyone is entitled to their opinions but don't misrepresent yourself. It undermines your credibility. I'm very happy to talk with someone that is anti nuclear. Just don't tell me you're not and then pull this nonsense.

As I said, if you are pro-nuclear I will appear anti-nuclear. You have said little to indicate you even understand my position, let alone be in a position to judge me. I've ever been saying is that we really need to have a complete and pragmatic end to end look at the way the Nuclear Industry operates. It deserves our skepticism because we can't afford to be reckless with these systems as they age anymore, and why do it when America is luckier than most countries when it comes to wind, solar and geo-thermal power which doesn't have the baggage of nuclear, oil or coal? Serious investments into these have been taken up by nuclear oil, and coal so where is the return for the everyday person? Failing Nuclear power plants and expensive fuel. Money for the big end of town from the taxpayers pocket.

Where is the anti in that? Anyone who can read and add numbers can get the information by just reading the appropriate acts of law.

I'm mostly annoyed because you misrepresented yourself and you've used some pretty fallacious arguments to support your position. Any valid point shouldn't require deception to support it and pretty much your first statements to me were a lie. So... not feeling super confident in your good faith in this discussion.

Well that's what you say and I haven't seen much evidence supporting the other things you say. I've supplied the information with sincerity and you have said yourself it is too much for you. Well welcome to the complexity that is the Nuclear Industry. Stop whining to me that it is too hard to read the facts presented and then try to claim that I am deceiving you.

Nothing in

I call that Responsible Nuclear Advocacy, since at least 2006 - you just get hounded by both sides, the debate has become so polarised people have forgotten how to carry on a meaningful discussion any more

is a lie. If you can't carry out a meaningful discussion based in fact, that's your problem and not mine.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - Wind (Score 1) 338

As to the problem with wind, the maintenance and depreciation of windmills is radically understated and has been for decades. The machines are always sold as being able to do X and then after they're in place for a few years the maintenance costs start radically changing the cost structure. Also the power is not consistent. Aka... it only works when the wind blows.

Maybe so. Wall Street doesn't like nuclear because its a risky investment, investors don't like that sort of risk, solar and wind are way ahead simply because the return on investment is much better than nuclear, i.e. Solar and wind satisfies the criteria that makes an investment "economically viable" nuclear power does not without substantial regulatory support.

You need a way to store wind and solar or they're more an irritation for the traditional grid than anything. Most of that power has to be backstopped with coal and nuclear. I'm okay with having a small percentage of renewables in the network. We can load balance them. But if you start increasing them radically without having adequate storage... then you're just sabotaging the grid.

It's obviously a medium-term solution that will fit into a broader energy plan for the US and other developed countries well into the future. I expect to see nuclear providing a boost to our base load power 10-20 years from now, dwindling off as reactors are taken off-line.

The choice now is whether any of the lessons from the past 50 years have been learned.

And once you add the costs of the batteries on to your wind mills... the cost structure becomes even less attractive.

America has Terrawatts of wind energy. I'm sure if the U.S can put a man on the moon then she can make a few wind turbines work.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - Reactor Decommisioning (Score 1) 338

As to the decommissioning cost, it depends on how you build the plant. You keep talking about the old 1960s nuke plant designs. That's not what anyone is talking about at this point. Your entire concept is obsolete.

It is the current issue because it's the 1960s plant designs that are reaching the end of their service life now. Yankee Rowe, a controlled shutdown of a functioning reactor, cost half a billion dollars to clean-up and it was only 137 Megawatts, less than a quarter of the size of TMI-2 for example. You have to wait to allow the *really* radioactive elements to decay. This is because new and highly radioactive elements are created in the reactor core. It's still not something that has been addressed in an industrially proficient way yet that makes the sites safe or 'greenfeild'. Considering the 104 reactor sites around America are multi-core the United States will be looking at a conservative estimate of a quarter of a *Trillion* dollars, at todays prices, on reactor decommissioning alone.

And as I mentioned SNUPPS is the basis for the design of the AP1000 reactor which is the only legally approved reactor design available for the U.S. And it has all of the same energetic input and problems mentioned in the study.

The high costs of nuclear come from the high back end costs of decommissioning and that has turned into a shitshow because people go out of their way to make it as impractical as possible.

No, it is a function of it being an enormous mound of concrete containing radioactive isotopes. Decommissioning and demolishing a reactor takes about about the same amout of energy the reactor generated for a third of its service life. Check the study around i14-i16.

I posit that if we *have* to have nuclear power then the plants should be designed to much high standards with lifespans that are more in line with the geological time-frames of the elements they are tasked to contain. I am yet to see that happen, nor have I seen a reactor design that meets those criteria. Current reactor design is not good enough, they MUST be designed to overcome what we have learned about them in the first fifty years of operation, franky the current generation of nuclear power plants proposed do not even meet the minimum requirements, wrt decommissioning, so how is it possible to support commissioning new reactors if they are just as bad (indeed worse wrt containment - but you're not ready for that conversation) than the very 1960's design of currently commissioned reactors.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - Reactor Design (Score 1) 338

If we go with a pebble bed for example then the fucking plant literally can't melt down with or without power. There are many other designs that likewise are failsafe.

Proposed Pebble Bed Modular Reactors (PBMR) are designed with exactly the reduced containment that Chernobyl was built with. Proposed new generation 'once-through' reactor series like the AP-1000 are designed with significantly reduced containment. They have been designed this way to reduce the expense of building them, as the sheer volume of concrete required to build a reactor containment is one of the highest input costs as well as the third greatest contributor of greenhouse gasses.

There are a number of functional issues with pebble beds, like the mechanism jammin, which is what happened to the German PBMR. Also getting hundreds of thousands of the fuel balls uniform and of course the issues at the end of their service life with air leaking into the reactor and causing graphite fires.

I compare proposed PBMR designs with RBMK at Chernobyl. You know, graphite covered fuel kernels, helium gas cooled, no containment building required, produce deadlier waste and have deadlier failure modes.

IFR is a much better concept than PBMR, pity W. ordered it's demolition. Fantastic concept and actually worked. I was a big fan of the Integral Fast Reactor, and in a way I still am. But the reality is 3rd and 4th generation reactors are a pipe dream because our material science is not advanced enough yet to produce a reactor design that will overcome neutron bombardment. If you are going to build reactors then do it properly and build a Terra-watt scale nuclear reactor facility with an attached waste facility in the belly of a massive granite mountain that chomps up all your remaining plutonium or end all commercial nuclear activity altogether.

Most of the 100 odd reactors in the U.S are approaching old-age and have to be de-commissioned so it's a future, rather than obsolete, issue. If you want to build a modern Nuclear Industry it starts with the geology of the spent fuel containment facility. If you do it in granite then you could power the US for at least 5000 years. A properly functioning Nuclear Industry is important and the one we've got is a total mess heading for either complete failure or disaster.

This had no reason to be in a separate post. My other post to you addressed this issue. You're talking about old reactor designs.

An example of what I'd suggest for nuclear power:

You keep assuming I want to build 3 mile island.

The only reactors *legally* approved for construction is the AP1000 with all of the issues in the study. TWR is an interesting concept, however it doesn't exist, compared to IFR which *did* exist, functioned as planned, did what it was supposed to do yet was still funded for *demolition* by W.Bush.

Your position is out of date. Obsolete.

Your position is SyFy. Have you investigated the difference between a breeder and a burner reactor? Your argument is for breeder reactor with the same decommssiioning issues as current generation reactors, that doesn't exist and has no legal approval to operate? I think you'll find IFR is a vastly superior reactor design, that actually works and has all the features, and more(like built in medical isotope extraction) than TWR. Far from obsolete, my position is plausible.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - Price-Anderson and law (Score 1) 338

I see no mention of anything to support your claims of interference. Are they difficult to find?

As to the act... its never been invoked. The law hasn't been invoked.

A bill of law is invoked and functioning as law when it is passed into law. Ergo: It is invoked and I see nothing to support your point here.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - peer reviewed study on EROEI (Score 1) 338

We have many designs that can operate on spent fuel much less requiring highly refined uranium.

Again you're assuming 1960s designs. Its not valid.

Incorrect. SNUPPS is the basis for the design of the AP1000 reactor which is the only legally approved reactor design available for the U.S. and it has all of the same energetic input and problems mentioned in the study.

And irrelevant, even with the above it's the energetic input from mining, enrichment and decommisioning that make Nuclear power not viable.

If you can't point to any legally approved reactor design then you have nothing to support your argument here.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - Yucca and Disposal (Score 1) 338

As to Yucca being unsafe for nuclear waste according to the DoE... cite that please. I can't find anything that says that. What I found was report after report after report after article after article saying it was safe. [] What are you talking about?

You are mis-quoting me. The DOE's own 1982 Nuclear Waste policy Act reported that the Yucca Mountain's geology is "inappropriate to contain nuclear waste". So the most appropriate way to move the Nuclear Industry forward is to develop a geologically stable containment facility (I am reluctant to call plutonium 'waste') inside a mountain. That could also, potentially, house a reactor facility, and an infrastructure plan to move that 70,000 tons of plutonium to that facility would begin to look like sound nuclear policy.

As for safe, well its seismic stability is a good measure of that and I doubt the NYT is qualified to make that assessment.

And then of course there is the whole issue with the storage for the spent fuel.

First of all lets clear up the time frame here, plutonium is radioactive for 25000 years before it decays into it's daughter product, which will then be radioactive for ??000 years and iterate 20 odd times. That's why I refer to it as 'geological time frames.

Yucca mountain is not a appropriate because it is made of pumice and geologically active evidenced by recent aftershocks of 5.6 within ten miles of a repository that is supposed to be geologically stable for at least 500000 years. The DOE's own 1982 Nuclear Waste policy Act reported that the Yucca Mountain's geology is inappropriate to contain nuclear waste, and long term corrosion data on C22 (the material to contain the Pu-239 and mitigate the ingress of water - yet another Yucca problem) is just not available.

As to your rebuttal to my point about nuclear storage... [] "" The location has been highly contested by environmentalists and some Nevada residents[2]. It was approved in 2002 by the United States Congress. Federal funding for the site ended in 2011 under the Obama Administration via amendment to the Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, passed on April 14, 2011.[3] The Government Accountability Office stated that the closure was for political, not technical or safety reasons.[3] "" Quote: For political not technical or safety reasons.

Studies of the Yucca mountain hydrology revealed that the passage cl-36 from atmospheric nuclear testing took less that 50 years in ground water through Yucca mountain so the reality of Yucca is it is inappropriate to contain *any* kind of radioactive products. Yucca is pumice and volcanic ash, you *need* granite if you want a serious facility. Even the Swedish test facility is better designed than Yucca and the design of the actual facility shows the U.S how it *should* be done.

Go look up the wiki on the act if you are not convinced and you'll see that Yucca was *put* in Nevada because their represenatives did not attend.

Common myth? I can't believe you said that. Seriously. That issue is categorically lost to you.

Actually it's the beginning of any serious advocacy for the Nuclear industry. Unfortunately, because there is no geologically sound Nuclear waste dump in operation it's totally inappropriate to discuss building a new reactor facility until a proper containment facility is available. So you're not going to have the understanding required to discuss what a safe nuclear industry looks like until you overcome that.

Part of the DOE response to the geology of Yucca Mountain a shift from geological containment to development of a material called 'C-22' to be used as drip shields to prevent water penetration into the 'dry casks' as they are unable to mitigate the egress of water from the casks. Why would the DOE bother funding their creation if they were confident the casks weren't going to leak especially when their original engineering specification of the geology of the site stated a specific geologic chemistry to mitigate an expected egress of water containing radioactive isotopes?

Until you are able to understand *why* these issues are important you only have an opinion about Yucca mountain. If you actually supported the Nuclear Industry then you would also understand why a granite facilite is vitaly important to the long term viability of the industry. However you have the information now and should support the construction of a geologically stable spent fuel repository built in granite.

Paraphrase: Yucca was placed in Nevada for political reasons not because the science says it was the best place.

Comment Re:Supply vs Demand - Price-Anderson and law (Score 1) 338

What is your specific problem with the Price Anderson Act when it has never been invoked so far as I know?

The way government deals with the risk and liability of the Nuclear Industry is via the Price-Anderson act. It underwrites the Nuclear industry with $600 Billion of Taxpayer money and closer to a trillion if you factor the huge amount of land you are going to lose in the event of an actual accident.

Actuaries and Risk Assessors are professionals in the insurance industry and their assessment of the Nuclear Industry is that they won't insure it without the Price-Anderson Act. They're impartial to the way evidence is presented, just making an assessment of the risk based on the facts available. They're not 'against' Nuclear power, they're just paid to asses the risks, professionally.

Take away the Price-Anderson act and the Nuclear Industry ceases to exist because it can no longer be insured. This is a true measure of it's financial viabiliy.

Paraphrase: The P-A act remains a legal construct that is in place to support the existence of the nuclear industry. Consequently investors are only interested in investing in Nuclear power because the government guarantees the returns, not because the nuclear industry is capable of delivering them.

As to regulations, the issue is that the regulatory process is exploited by people that just don't want nuclear to make the process expensive. Look at how many plants have been approved. Why is that? Look at how long it takes to develop and then build them and how much of that time is spent getting all the paper work filed. Political elements like to be dishonest and play games. This is not a new thing. The environmental lobbies in general do this with some frequency.

Hate to burst your bubble however the 2005 energy act prevents environmental groups from doing that. You can check the legislation yourself. Sec. 600 onward.

As to the subsidies for nuclear... most of that goes to placating the anti radicals at this point.

What it is spent on is laid out in the sections I refer you to.

Every time you build a bridge these days it takes 10 years to get approved. Where as in the old days you'd plan the bridge for maybe six months and have it built in a couple years. And that was for big fancy bridges.

We knew less in the old days, we avoid killing people to build something nowadays. That seems pretty reasonable to me.

But these days, every little fucking thing requires an "impact study" and that takes for god damn ever and the criteria for these things is arbitrary and often contradictory. The garbage you can get shut down for is absolutely fucking retarded.

It's a nuclear power plant, not a car park, you expect the process to be complex and the bill has specific clauses to deal with that too.

Paraphrase: Many of the complaints you've raised about regulation don't apply to the Nuclear industry because the law exempts them.

Genius is ten percent inspiration and fifty percent capital gains.