Depends on the economic system. What is taught as economics is largely a study on the given economic model. It gets circular and the premises of the model tend not to get challenged, and certain concepts get reified and detached from physical reality. Hence you get effects like Luddism where labour-saving technology (the point of technology is to reduce labour) to keep jobs. And you get laws against digital copying because of precepts of remuneration and management of scarcity by monetization even when no scarcity exists.