A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state , the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.
This is not that hard to understand. Unless, of course, you are intentionally failing to understand it so that it fits into your world view.
Sure, the USA/Israeli semi-religious, hemi-apocalyptic, demi-political, mutually sycophantic, sociopathy enabling relationship; and tacit acceptance of antagonism towards the Palestine and it's people does complicate the issue. But, it only does so insomuch as Israel might send in the Mossad, crack some skulls, and the US will say "You did a bad thing, Izzy. Here is another few billion dollars not to do it again."
But there you go expecting the Palestinians to extradite someone who is apparently bright and more over, reasonably minded to a country that gives 9x the annual aid to their unfriendly, oppressive neighbor. Seems that you are not understanding the realities of international justice and the treaties governing enforcement of international laws.