The issue is, you deal with the system you're with, not the situation you wish you had.
We can't change a transmission protocol or route data over arbitrary connections. This is a collection of everything from very old hardware to brand new, protocols from very old to brand new, in every country in the world, and you can't just arbitrarily rework them. It's the same in the air, too. And when new protocols are made, they're generally in addition to existing ones, not replacing them. I'm not aware of any with error correcting codes or the like (there could be, I just haven't worked with them), but some of them (not all) use checksums (though that's a whole 'nother story... the documentation on how one common type of checksum, that used in datalink messages, is a big fat lie, caused by a screwup in whoever implmented the code the first time that everyone else now has to imitate... but it works, so...).
In the long run, the goal is to move as much traffic as possible to the more automated, more reliable newer protocols. But this is something that's invariably going to happen at a snail's pace.
As I've never messed with them directly, I can't decribe to you the protocols used for physical data transmission at every point over the FARICE and DANICE links - just the message layer on top of them, which is plaintext except for the header marker characters. I've never worked at anything more than the endpoints. But I can tell you this, there's no way we could just go in and replace all of the hardware along the way (you should see the graph of all of the hardware that exists just between Iceland and Britain). It would be an expensive long-term international effort with major potential for disruption in its own right. And it would only help for that particular link anyway. What you really want is how all of air traffic control messages are transmitted - aircraft, atc, tower, etc - everywhere in the world to be switched over to a single, reliable mechanism and a standardized set of international routing hardware. Well, great, join the club, I'd love that too! But it's just not going to happen any time soon without a massive funding surge.
You work with the systems that you have, not the systems you wish you had. Yes, we're working to modernize everything, just like everyone else. For example, in the past year I've spent a good bit of time working on adding in capabilities to one system to help take a sort of "middleman" server that it talks to out of the loop to improve reliability and error logging. But these things don't happen fast. And how many programmers / hardware engineers do you think we have, really? We're no Microsoft here.
2) Do you assert that the United States currently faces specific real resources shortfalls, even given the current large output gap? If not, can you propose a specific, realistic mechanism why the United States would currently face fiscal constraints, even given persistently low inflation?
The deficit would be fact #1 - definitely a resource shortfall there. The real problem is we tax income including worker income, and our imports greatly outweigh our exports. Imports do not add to the tax revenue, meaning that those left working the in US subsidize taxes for all imports. A shift to a GAT applied universally to all transactions, including at all borders, no exceptions, would quickly set things right with the revenue picture, and have the benefit of encouraging domestic production. 10% might be a good starting number. That means imported goods would have a 21% tax, minimum, as they are taxed at the border and again when sold to the end user.
I'd be willing to bet that the "horrible environmental load" of building those sub 40mpg motorcycles may not be that much less than the Prius, especially when you add in the 2+ of them you'll need to ferry around the average family of 4, plus the extra cargo arrangement for carting home groceries etc, as AC mentioned. Then tally the human cost of even the most minor wreck on a motorcycle, all of a sudden they don't look so appealing by any metric.
Yes, I'm aware you can get a 100 mpg moped that'll do tops 30-40 mph, and that's great. Once you get out in the real world, and have to work at a real job, that might take you 40+ miles from where you live, 2 wheels just doesn't cut it. Some people require face time, and no, you're not going to move every 6-18 months. Get over yourself. If you want to ride a motorcycle, no one's stopping you, no matter how stupid you might be. Denying facts doesn't change them.
Don't forget that insurance companies and pharmaceutical companies are at odds with each other.
Wrong - insurance companies make a percentage, so the more things cost, the more they get.
But a cheap vaccine preventing any cancer would not.
It wouldn't be cheap for the first 17-20 years....
Never dropped this on anyone before, but:
Average fuel economy of US passenger car fleet: 24.9 (a new record!)
Estimated average motorcycle fuel economy: 35 - 40 mpg. Many models get almost double that.
Show your data where "most motorcycles use more fuel than cars", or shut the fuck up.
Interestingly enough, a Prius gets 51/48 est. mpg, which is significantly better than the average for motorcycles, meaning that the Prius uses less gas than most motorcycles. (Simple statistics) For all passenger cars, the average is over 35mpg. It appears that motorcycles on average aren't much better than cars. Sadly.
Oh, and I forgot to mention the voice communication systems problem. That one didn't affect me directly but I did get a memo about it.
It's just an unfortunate incident.
British Telecom has had an issue (which has happened a number of times) which led to a minor timing glitch in one of their systems. When this happens, the data reliability on the FARICE line to Iceland drops and you start getting corrupted flight messages. Shanwick was alerted to the problem and both sides consulted and decided that the best solution in the interrim would be something that had been done previously, disconnecting FARICE and thus forcing all connections through the backup line, DANICE, which appeared to be operating normally.
Unfortunately, the problem was even worse on DANICE. What appeared to be normal operation was only normal up to the data logger. Once it actually got to the flight tracking software, the messages were being refused, and corrupted messages being sent in the other direction. So while BT was working on getting their system fixed, flight control managers were being forced to basically manually dig up ATC messages and copy-paste them off to the air traffic controllers (as much was handled through voice as possible as well).
But it got even worse. A totally unrelated communications network, Datalink, decided to misbehave during all of this, which may or may not have been due to the Shanwick problems. On the Iceland side, the general solution is to force a switchover to the backup system. Which was done... except a critical component on the backup system immediately crashed. Repeated attempts to switch and ultimately switch back caused even more problems for the air traffic controllers.
Eventually the fixed FARICE line was brought back up, Datalink back online (with the switchover-crash problem postponed to be investigated during a low-traffic timeperiod)
It's terrible that there were so many delays, but these are extremely complicated systems with a challenging task, built up over decades with tons of computer components, protocols, lines, routers, radar systems, transmitters, and on and on, scattered all over the world. On a weekend. Everyone was scrambling and doing their damndest to fix it as soon as possible. It should also be noted that it was never a safety issue - even in the absolute worst case, air traffic control could go all the way back to the old paper-and-pencil method. What the systems give is, primarily, speed, and thus when there's big problems, there's delays.
And that was my weekend, how was yours?
You're letting your imagination get away from you. If you are an insurance company, and a patient presents to you with a potential in $500K+ in medical expenses, you'd want to unbook that risk as quickly and as affordably as possible.
And if I wish to go one step further, I can hook into the screen's display and record the raw video directly too, resulting in a perfect copy.
Not easy to do.
HDMI Hack For those with the time and skills, not too hard.
I think you are right. These idiots won't listen to science, and they won't even listen to the illness or deaths of their own children, because they'll find something else to blame. But being made to feel uncool, seriously, I think that's likely to have more of an influence.
BTW we've got the same anti-vac idiocy and then some among dog owners. Parvovirus, distemper, and lepto are all making gleeful comebacks.
And this is interesting:
[I just had a booster, along with the other gaggle of vaccines for old farts.... and lived!]
I haven't looked into HepB vaccine specifically, but -- if a virus is slow-replicating, and you're given vaccine at the time of exposure, the vaccine can generate enough antibodies that the virus can't get a foothold, thus preventing infective exposure from becoming full infection.