Sorry, but no. You are trying to pawn your responsibilities off on someone else and since you are the one making the request/initiating contact, it is your responsibility. Also, by the time that person returns, some or all of the email that was sent may not even be relevant any more and they should not have to waste time sorting through all of the spam you sent their way.
Stop trying to make others do your job for you.
You're making a tremendous amount of assumptions there. How do you know the email I sent was trying to get the other person to do my job for me? How do you know that person doesn't want to be in the loop on events that took place while he or she was gone?
As numerous others have pointed out, sometimes it's just a courtesy to the recipient so that person will not be totally in the dark about problems or progress that occurred during the time off. If any individual would rather not have that, I have no problem with that individual making a personal decision to bulk delete all incoming email. My beef here is having it enforced as corporate policy. I know for myself, I would rather come back to a hundred messages saying "This can wait until you are back from vacation, but when you get a chance please look at Widget X and see if you can figure out why it's broken" or "We had a meeting while you were gone and unanimously voted to put you in charge of Widget Production" or whatever, than come back to an empty inbox and not the slightest clue what the status is of my projects.
What I find works well is to either do a search and bulk delete when I get back, or previously set up an automatic filter, to find and delete all emails that have either a TO or CC of some ridiculously large group not directly affecting me. For example, I'm on the development team of a particular feature set; mail that is TO:"all QA" or CC:"all QA" never EVER relates to my project, my team, or my responsibilities. Deleting those immediately trims my inbox to less than 10% of the original unread message count.
Total time wasted this morning after a 10-day vacation: 5 minutes. The remaining 10+ messages let me quickly get back up to speed on the progress of my team's projects and issues that customers are waiting for me to resolve (they were informed that I was on vacation, so they knew it would be some time this week before I can get to them).