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Comment: Re:Sometimes 'air gap' is impossible (Score 1) 212

by thogard (#48649263) Attached to: Cyberattack On German Steel Factory Causes 'Massive Damage'

It is a result of the stupid and outdated firewall model of "Trust/Untrust/DMZ" when applied nearly anywhere.

Modern production networks should be firewalling everything from everything else. Nothing should be on the "Trusted" side. Get something like an SSG-140 and load it up with a bunch of 8 port cards which will give you 42 ports and 42 zones for things to talk to. That way you can allow the CNC machine to talk to its support site for its update but it can't ever talk to the laser cutter or other CNC machines.

The sad thing is the SSG is EOL and I don't know anyone else that makes a low cost multi-port firewall and most switches with firewall capability just don't do proper intrusion detection and malware detection.

Comment: Re:transfer the ID information to the police (Score 2) 207

by thogard (#48577463) Attached to: In Iowa, a Phone App Could Serve As Driver's License

The FAA has been trying to point out this fact for decades. The paper pilots carry around isn't a pilots license, it is a certificate of license. The license is held in a computer somewhere and when that is revoked, the paper saying you have a license is meaningless.

Comment: Re:The problem is relational databases. (Score 1) 143

by thogard (#48493711) Attached to: Black Friday '14: E-commerce Pages Far Slower Than They Were in 2013

If the data is in cache, it is faster to open a file, read the data in as a text file, do a linear search, process the data, close the file than it is to just do a connection to an sql server. Most online stores are selling so few products that their entire product database should fit in L1 cache. If you want fast, make sure everything that has to be run can live in L1/L2 cache except what has to be be written out. Modern file systems are very good at writing out small files quickly without making the person in front of a screen wait.

Comment: Re:But why? (Score 5, Informative) 143

by thogard (#48493669) Attached to: Black Friday '14: E-commerce Pages Far Slower Than They Were in 2013

Page load times are down because pages are loading so many more tracking options and some of them are very abusive on the javascript engines. If you turn on the status line (even if you can as it is gone in some modern browsers), you will often see it saying "loading 159 out of 162" and those last ones never load. There is also something that is related to a compounding latency problem that many developers don't think about it because they don't see it when they are developing the platforms and modern tool kits help to hide it from developers too.

I guess people don't like IBM's old work on the subject that showed dropping a 3 second response to just 2 seconds resulted in substantial improved efficiency. Maybe marketing groups need to understand that a customer stuck on a slow site is a bad consumer.

Sigmund Freud is alleged to have said that in the last analysis the entire field of psychology may reduce to biological electrochemistry.