I love how quickly every intelligent discussion quickly dissolves into personal insults. Regardless of topic. (Insert Deity here) bless
Civil War broke down to one group telling another group what to do. North said we don't like slavery. South said we do. A president was elected on an anti-slavery platform. The South said your not gonna tell us what to do, right? When Lincoln didn't say yes, they decided that they didn't like the Feds telling them what to do and didn't feel they had any power to stop it. (There's a lot more here then is slashdot worthy, but remember how we pick our congressmen.) So the South said "Later" and broke away. There was a Southern slogan that said they they traded a single tyrant 3000 miles away for a nest of the only 300 away, or words to that effect. This is the Civil War in a nutshell.
The issue didn't have to be slavery, it could have been a religious or gender issue too. Just slavery was that era's social hot button. Imagine in the last election if all the "Red States" said "Later" and tried to secede. Remember the Union was less then 100 years old and people were still trying to figure it out as they went. Did a state have the power to seceded after the fact? Slavery was the catalyst, but the issue was deeper, more culture. The Civil War would have happened even if the South accepted Lincoln and rolled over on slavery. Then who knows what we would be having this argument over, a women's right to vote?
To continue the States right is a euphemism theme, it is also a euphemism for: abortion, identification, drinking, ability to control local militia, and definition of citizenship. These are all issues that have been tied to the States Rights banner. The Civil war did not fully end the question of how far Federal Rights can trump local right, just it showed that armed rebellion at the State level didn't work.
As for agriculture, the history of a repressed mass as forced manpower is older then the reverse. Historically we have called them many names, but the position is the same, the Russian serfs, the Irish tenet farmer, the whole "feudal" system, the Chinese peasant classes. Until mechanization,and not even then, the use of forced labor has always seemed "easier". Hell, in some parts of the world it is still practiced, just the name changed so it doesn't offend people.
Northern textile factories did use slave labor up until the passing of the 22nd amendment. the EP only outlawed slavery down south, except for two states (Tennessee and Texas I think). The North made wide use of indentured servants and indebted peoples, usually children who had to "re-emburse the company" for their food and clothes. Northerners where no better at human rights then the South, just their forms of slavery didn't rely on a skin color, just an economic status.
Protectionism is why the South is so far behind the rest of the states.
Huh? If you mean on an industrial scale, their lack of factories had to do with climate and land fertility. They had a longer growing season, so it was more economically viable to grow then to manufacture. The South was part of the Global Market before anyone else knew what it was. The goods the produced where readily trade-able on the world market and in demand. Also, climate control was an issue, as earlier factories used basic machinery which was influenced by weather much more so than today. How is that protectionist? (Honest question)
I do have to agree with you on one thing, I also find those who blindly worship a flag scary, either Confederate, Nazi, or American. It is one thing as an honorarium to the dead (ie flying a Confederate flag in a civil war graveyard to symbolize the soldiers who fought under that flag), another to idolize without question the government behind it. People aren't perfect, what makes us think a group of them can be.
Oh and BTW: I am a Northerner who had family who served in the Connecticut militias, two of whom never came home. Oh, and my great, great grandfather stories.. they were of Bella Wood and the trenches. I might feel old, but I'm not that old.